Quotations and Citations

Here are some of the historical sources upon which IPPA has built our core values. 

On Equal Worth and Equal Opportunity:

“The world is my country, all mankind are my brethren, and to do good is my religion.” 
— Thomas Paine, “the Age of Reason” 1794.

“The right to education is by far the most frequently included in the Constitutions of the States.  Forty-nine of the fifty states give it some kind of constitutional recognition (Iowa is the only holdout).  As a matter of State constitutional law, education is firmly entrenched.” 
— Cass R. Sunstein, The Second Bill of Rights; FDR’s Unfinished Revolution & Why We Need It More Than Ever.  Basic Books, 2004. p. 187.

“Laws for the liberal education of youth, especially of the lower class of people, are so extremely wise and useful, that, to a humane and generous mind, no expense for this purpose would be thought extravagant.”
— John Adams  (http://www.constitution.org/jadams/thoughts.htm)

On Equality Under the Law
“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these, are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” 
— The Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776.

“The [U.S.] Congress shall have the power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts, and excises, to pay the debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of the United States; but all duties, imposts and excises shall be uniform throughout the United States.” 
— Constitution of the United States, Article I, Section 8, number 1. 

“No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.” 
— U.S. Constitution, 14th Amendment, ratified by Congress, July 23, 1868.


Some of Thomas Jefferson’s ideas on equality were first expressed by John Locke in 1690:

“The state of nature has a law of nature to govern it, which obliges every one; and reason, which is that law, teaches all mankind who will but consult it, that, being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions.”

“Man, being born, as has been proved, with a title to perfect freedom and uncontrolled enjoyment of all the rights and privileges of the law of nature equally with any other man or number of men in the world, has by nature a power not only to preserve his property—that is, his life, liberty, and estate—against the injuries and attempts of other men, but to judge of and punish the breaches of that law in orders as he is persuaded the offense deserves. . “

“The great and chief end . . .of men’s uniting into commonwealths and putting themselves under government is the preservation of their property [which is their lives, liberty, and estates].”

(citations taken from: John Locke, The Second Treatise of Government.  1690.)


On Tolerance and Privacy

“All men shall be free to profess, and by argument to maintain, their opinion in matters of religion, and that the same shall in no wise diminish, enlarge, or affect their civil capacities.”  
— Thomas Jefferson

On Privacy as a Legacy

  1. Privacy was originally about search and seizure, about the Third Amendment of the U.S. Constitution, which bans the quartering of troops and the First Amendment about freedom of religion.  (Constitutional legacy.)  (There are dissenters to this interpretation).
  2. Explicit legal respectability of the legal construct of the idea of the right of privacy: See Samuel D. Warren & Louis D. Brandies.  “The Right to Privacy.”  Harvard Law Review.  December, 1880. pp. 193-220.
  3. 1965.  Griswold vs Connecticut.  By a vote of 7 to 2, the U.S. Supreme Court invalidated a state law forbidding the use of contraceptives by married couples.

On Ethical Principles as Foundation of Government
John Adams Thoughts on Government:

“All sober inquirers after truth, ancient and modern, pagan and Christian, have declared that the happiness of man, as well as his dignity, consists in virtue. Confucius, Zoroaster, Socrates, Mahomet, not to mention authorities really sacred, have agreed in this.”

“If there is a form of government, then, whose principle and foundation is virtue, will not every sober man acknowledge it better calculated to promote the general happiness than any other form? “

“The foundation of every government is some principle or passion in the minds of the people. The noblest principles and most generous affections in our nature, then, have the fairest chance to support the noblest and most generous models of government.”

 Reference: (http://www.constitution.org/jadams/thoughts.htm )

On Corporate/Government Oligarchies
“The liberty of a democracy is not safe if the people tolerate the growth of private power to the point where it becomes stronger than the democratic state itself. That in its essence is fascism: ownership of government by an individual, by a group or any controlling private power.”
 –President Franklin D. Roosevelt